What is TRAUMA?

A traumatic event involves an experience or repeating experiences that overwhelm the individual's ability to cope or integrate the ideas, emotions and physical responses involved with that experience.
After a trauma a variety of symptoms might simply not go away including any of the following;

Nervous Energy, jitters, muscle tension Changes in the way you think about yourself Fear, inability to stay safe Becoming withdrawn or isolated from others
Upset stomach Changes in the way you think about other people Sadness, grief, depression Easily startled
Rapid heart rate Heightened awareness of your surroundings Guilt Avoiding places or situations
Dizziness Lessened awareness Anger, irritability Becoming aggressive
Lack of energy Difficulty concentrating Numbness Change in eating habits
Teeth grinding Intrusive images Inability to enjoy anything Restlessness
Feeling out of touch with your body Nightmares Loss of trust Increase or decrease in sexual activity
Risk of health problems   Loss of self-esteem  
Emotional distance from others  
Intense or extreme feelings  
Traumatic events can include the following:

· Interpersonal violence
· Workplace accidents
· Animal attacks
· Medical Trauma
· Automobile Accidents

· War Zone trauma
· Natural disasters
· Recreational accidents
· Fire
· Witnessing someone being abused, injured or killed

What is ABUSE?
Abuse occurs when one person manipulates or coerces another person into doing something that he or she does not want to do. It is the infliction of direct physical, sexual or psychological threat or harm, or the threat of being forced to witness violence against a loved one.
There are Many Forms of  ABUSE:

Sexual assault/abuse is not about sex:
It is an act of power, control and humiliation. It is any sexual act that is forced on another person and can have long lasting physical and emotional effects. You have been sexually assaulted if you have been forced to kiss, fondle, or have anal, oral or vaginal intercourse with someone; or if you have been touched in a sexual way without your consent.

Psychological Abuse:
This encompasses various tactics to undermine one's self-confidence such as yelling, insults, mockeries, threats, abusive language, humiliation, harassment, contempt, deliberate deprivation of emotional care or isolation.

Physical Abuse: The most obvious, ranges from pushing and shoving to hitting, beating, physical abuse with a weapon, torture, mutilation and murder.

Financial Abuse: 
This encompasses various tactics for total or partial control of a person's finances, inheritance or employment income. May also include preventing a partner from taking employment outside of home or engaging in other activity that would lead to financial independence.

Spiritual Abuse:  This works to destroy an individual's cultural or religious beliefs through ridicule or punishment, forbidding practice of a personal religion or forcing one to adhere to religious practices that are not one's own, etc.

Whether or not you experienced trauma and/or abuse recently or in childhood,
professional counselling can help .... It is never too late.


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